Meta learning is a branch of metacognition concerned with learning about one’s own learning and learning processes.
Meta learning is originally described by Donald B. Maudsley (1979) as “the process by which learners become aware of and increasingly in control of habits of perception, inquiry, learning, and growth that they have internalized”. Maudsely sets the conceptual basis of his theory as synthesized under headings of assumptions, structures, change process, and facilitation. Five principles were enunciated to facilitate meta-learning.
Have you ever wondered why some students in class are better than others? To some point genetics plays a large role as the students have different IQ’s. The other part is all based on how well they’re study plan is like. Meta- learning is one of the ways we can improve our student’s capacity to remember what they learned.
Meta- learning is composed of two sections:
- Metacognition. This is basically when they are thinking of how they are thinking.
- Growth mindset. The belief that their abilities can be developed overtime via hard work.
Meta-learning is not a specific course that is taught in schools. It is an overall course that can be applied to all the courses that the students are being taught. The course is suggested to help the student reflect on their specific learning process. Learning becomes an experience. For example, after a test the students should go through the questions they got right and those that they got wrong. The students should then note down what they did during the studying process that made it possible for them to get some questions correct. They will then have noted down the factors that caused them to fail in other questions.
Another good example is writing down the worries they have right before an exam. Most if the time this can help a teacher to pinpoint the student’s weakness and tilutir them in that specific subject. Sometimes an attitude towards arts or sciences could be the problem that causes a student to struggle in a certain paper.
How is metacognition assessed?
Despite it being a thinking process, meta-learning can be assessed thoroughly. At every point in the education system there are tests, projects, presentations and evaluation. The teacher can use these tools to assess how well the student is thinking. For example, after marking a good essay the teacher can leave comments such as this was a well thought out essay that showed how you organized your ideas in an orderly fashion. A bad report will prompt the student to ask themselves what was effective or not effective in the learning method they pursued.
How does this help the student in a job scenario or life in general?
Meta-learning will help the student to grow in their fields of work when they leave school. It will assist them when they face challenges at work since they will have a growth mindset. New challenges will be overcome easily as they strive to be the best in their fields. In times of a crises they will be able to respond not only with an immediate reaction but a deeper consider the initial cause. If a co-worker is messing up they can look back to what was the cause of the behavior. Are they working too much overtime did they have too much caffeine and crash later? Sources to the problem can give you long term results.
Meta-learning is effective in gaining knowledge using it to develop skills while upholding solid character traits.
“Being aware of and taking control of one’s own learning”